Hog raising business is one of the most popular backyard industries in the country especially in the rural areas. It’s a very viable business because Filipinos are basically meat lovers and most of the local staple dishes have pork in them. But just like any other business venture, piggery entails a number of considerations especially for those who are just starting out. From risk management to set-ups, to business permits, there are a few musts that should be taken into account before going full swing. Ready to get started? The following factors should be considered.
Know that there are two ways of doing your hog raising business. One is through the grow-out system where you acquire starter pigs while they’re still young. You start with 12-20kg starter pigs, grow them for around 3 months until they reach 90kg, and then sell them. Second is through pig breeding where you get the sows and breed them from 4-6 months until they give birth. Between the two set-ups, the grow-out system is commonly used due to the shorter span of time involved from feeding to selling. It also entails lesser expenses and lesser risks.
2. Location Requirements
It’s not enough that you want to put up a piggery business. You need to know where to put it up, and if it’s allowed. This is because hog raising entails environmental risks like waste disposal, alongside constant pig pen upkeep to protect the pigs from getting infected. Your piggery location should comply with environmental guidelines. It should be located:
- Outside the urban areas
- At least within a 25m radius from drinking water sources
- At least 1000m away from residential, commercial, industrial, and institutional areas
3. Business Permits
Having your business registered is important as it legalizes your operations. After figuring out your business set-up and where to put it up, know all the necessary requirements that you need to submit.
- TIN (Tax Identification Number) (℅ BIR)
- Barangay Clearance (from the barangay where you intend to put up your piggery)
- Environmental Compliance Certificate (from the DENR office)
- Mayor’s Permit and License and Sanitary Permit (from your LGU)
- Business Name Registration (through DTI)
Just like any other venture, hog raising business comes with certain risks especially since pigs are highly susceptible to a lot of diseases. This can be caused by feed contamination, unsanitary pens, and spread of disease from other pigs. And because Philippines is known to have strong typhoons that can destroy pig pens, part of the risk management plan is to build sturdy pens and have an efficient drainage system. Increasing cost of pig feeds should also be factored in, as this can affect your profit margin. To help lessen the expenses, try using cleaned and cooked corn, camote, and cassava as feed alternatives.
Hog raising is a viable business that can open doors to so many opportunities. From a single pig farm, it can potentially expand to a bigger farm; hence bigger earnings. With proper planning and efficient management, this venture is definitely worth all the efforts.