Gamefowl Heath: Vaccination 101

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Gamefowl Heath: Vaccination 101

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As with humans, vaccination is key to preventing a handful of diseases that can affect your gamefowls’ performance, and may even bring serious damage to its health. But gamefowl vaccination can be quite confusing and overwhelming, especially if you’re new in the field. To help you, read on for a quick guide on the must-knows, along with a sample of a vaccination schedule and a runthrough of techniques you can use for administering vaccines. 

Types of Gamefowl Vaccination

In reading and researching about gamefowl vaccination, you’re likely to encounter the terms live vaccine, attenuated vaccine and killed vaccine. These are different types of vaccines, requiring different ways of handling and administering. Here are more of what you need to know. 

Live Vaccine

A vaccine is a live one if the active content is live bacteria. Because the bacteria is likely to cause sickness and a few pains, live vaccines are usually administered under the strict supervision of a veterinarian. It’s also important that poultry due for vaccination with live vaccines are prepared by making sure they are healthy. 

In handling live vaccines, proper storage with the right temperature is a must. Keeping the bacteria alive is crucial, so make sure that the vaccine is not exposed to too much heat, and is kept away from disinfectants, chlorinated water and other cleaning chemicals. 

Attenuated Vaccine

Attenuated vaccines also contain live bacteria. To differentiate from live vaccines, this type of vaccine underwent a different production process and is milder in terms of its effects. 

Because it also has live bacteria, careful storage in cool places is a requirement. Experts recommend using ice boxes, if refrigerator space is limited. 

Killed Vaccine

Killed vaccines carry killed bacteria. Unlike the previous types, killed vaccines have little-to-no unpleasant effects on your gamefowl after administration. Unfortunately, with its milder effects is its mild improvement on poultry’s immunity against diseases. 

Gamefowl Vaccination Schedule

There are many programs that you can check for gamefowl vaccination. For deciding and sticking to one, check if it’s vet-approved and if it works well for your gamefowl’s breed. 

To give you an idea on how a vaccination schedule looks like, check out this table.

AgeDiseaseVaccineMedication after Vaccination
Day 1; if signs are already present in the farmMarek’sMarek’s vaccineAntibiotics or vitamins
GumboroIBD Gumboro vaccine
3 days oldNewcastle disease (NCD)B1B1Antibiotics or vitamins
7 days oldNewcastle disease(NCD)B1 La sotaAntibiotics or vitamins
14 days oldGumboroIBDAntibiotics or vitamins
21 days oldFowl poxFowl pox vaccineAntibiotics or vitamins
Killed Vaccines
42 days oldMycoplasmaMycoplasma vaccineAntibiotics or vitamins
56 days oldFowl choleraFowl cholera vaccineAntibiotics or vitamins
Live Vaccines
60 days oldCoryzaCoryza vaccineAntibiotics or vitamins
74 days oldNewcastle disease (NCD)B1 La sota boosterAntibiotics or vitamins
88 days oldGumboroIBDAntibiotics or vitamins
150 days oldFowl poxFowl pox vaccineAntibiotics or vitamins
180 days oldNCD, IBDLa Sota + IBAntibiotics or vitamins
187 days oldFowl poxFowl pox vaccineAntibiotics or vitamins

Note that vaccinations and the use of antibiotics are best consulted with veterinarians first.

Gamefowl Vaccination Techniques

Gamefowl vaccination techniques vary, and which one to administer a vaccine with depends on factors such as gamefowl breed, age, and type of vaccine. Check out your options for gamefowl vaccination techniques.

  1. Oral
    As its name suggests, vaccines administered orally are given through the mouth. This technique is best for quick action on the respiratory and digestive systems. Less stressful compared to other options, the vaccine is mixed with the gamefowls’ drinking water.
  2. Nasal
    Nasal or vaccine administration through the nostrils suits medicine that’s in powder form or in drops. Make sure that the applicator or dropper is not faulty, as this may lead to over- or under-dosing.
  3. Eye or ocular
    Ocular administration of meds or vaccines requires a dropper. Oculars are best for targeting the respiratory tract through the lacrimal duct.
  4. Transfixation and scarification
    Through transfixation and scarification, the medicine or vaccine is transported into the chicken’s skin using two tuberculin needles with an applicator that is inserted into the poultry’s wing web.
  5. Injection
    Using a needle and syringe, the medicine or vaccine is injected into the gamefowl’s muscles (intramuscular) or into a deeper skin layer (subcutaneous).

Stay on top of your gamefowls’s health needs with features on poultry care from UNAHCO.

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